CAMBRIDGE, England - When talking about the most renowned educational institutions in the United States, Americans mention places like Harvard and Yale.

When doing the same in the county of Cambridgeshire in England, people mention Cambridge and "the other place."

Known the rest of the world as Oxford, "the other place" has a rich history with deep ties to Cambridge. In 1209, a revolt between the students of Oxford and the townsfolk broke out, and many students fled to Cambridge, where they established a university of their own.

The first college, Peter House, of the University of Cambridge opened its doors in 1284. Today, the university houses 31 colleges, 250 university buildings and eight museums.

But, much like other common words in the English language, the definition of "college" differs between England and the United States. In the States, a college within a university would be structured and based around an academic program, such as the College of Mass Communications and Media Media Arts and the College of Engineering at SIU Carbondale.

At Cambridge, however, the colleges are more of the students' homes. Applicants apply to a certain college, and when they are accepted, that's where they will live, study and go about life. Most of the colleges on the campus - which in itself engulfs the entire community - have dormitories, churches, dining areas and, in some cases, bars and pubs of their own.

Students leave their college home to travel to the university buildings for classes and research in the university labs, where many significant scientific discoveries - including unlocking the secrets of the structure of DNA - have been made.

One of the most famous colleges at Cambridge is Kings College, seen in the photos attached to this article. The college was established by King Henry VI when he was just 19 years old. A religious man, he originally planned for the college to be limited to 12 students, or disciples. Today, however, 700 students belong to Kings College.

The Kings College Cathedral is one of Cambridge's true architectural treasures. The intricate design of the wall carvings and stained-glass windows paint a picture of historical and Biblical tales that will never be forgotten so long as the chapel remains standing.

Today, thousands of students work in the labs and classrooms of Cambridge, and no one quite knows what the next major discovery to emerge from this small English town may be.

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