Retired Vice Adm. Nancy Brown of Marion said her 35-year Navy career grew out of a suggestion from her father and a less than enthusiastic recruiter.
“I couldn’t get a job after I graduated from college. My dad suggested that I join the Navy. He had several friends who were Navy pilots who he respected,” Brown said. “My father also said the Navy had the best food.”
So Brown went to see a recruiter. He told her she could not get into the Navy. She decided to prove him wrong.
“It worked out well for me,” Brown said.
Brown served from 1974 to 2009, retiring at the rank of vice admiral, the second highest rank of Naval commissioned officers. At the time of her retirement, she was the director for Command, Control, Communications and Computer Systems (C4 Systems), the Joint Staff. She was the principal advisor to the Joint Chiefs of Staff on all C4 systems.
Between those two career stops, there was a lot of service. Brown served at Scott Air Force Base, Japan, San Diego, Maine, the White House, the Pentagon and Baghdad, Iraq. She attended Naval Postgraduate School, Naval War College and Army War College.
Brown served some memorable tours of duty, including two at the White House and numerous tours in Washington, D.C. On Sept. 11, 2001, Brown was working at the Pentagon.
“I’ve always thought it was just fate or a crazy set of circumstances that I actually wasn’t where that plane hit. At the last minute my boss called me and told me he needed me to go to another building two blocks away for a meeting that he couldn’t attend,” Brown said. “It wasn’t long after that that I heard the plane had gone in right where I was."
It was chaos, Brown said. She was part of a team trying to establish order out of that chaos.
“Cell phones wouldn’t work and we had about 200 people we had to locate and try to account for. They were all over D.C. and northern Virginia at that point,” Brown said. “We had to establish a chain of command and ensure senior leadership was intact.”
They had to find temporary quarters and set up offices in those quarters. Brown worked 72 hours straight.
In the Pentagon, 125 people died.
“It was a pretty challenging time. I found out seven of the folks who worked for me weren’t as lucky as me and didn’t get out,” Brown said.
The Pentagon is divided into five wedges, and the plane hit the first wedge. Brown explained that the building was undergoing major renovations at the time.
“Where the plane hit was the first wedge that had been renovated. It had been reinforced to current-day standards. That meant the blast did not have the impact it would have had if it had hit any other wedge. We did not have the deaths that we would have had,” Brown said.
Because of the renovations, there were better fire systems and better systems for getting people out. The fire did not spread as quickly because of fire retardants put in during the renovation.
“Of course, the people who were there, the police, fireman, Pentagon security forces, and just the folks working there that day were heroes,” Brown said. “Put in that situation, you do things that even surprise you. We all hope we would react that way, but the people at the Pentagon reacted that way.”
For Brown, a couple things stand out in her career.
One of the main things is helping to create a career path for information technology in the Navy.
“The Navy didn’t have a career field for someone in information technology, and I always believed very strongly that we needed one because we needed to develop those skills,” Brown said. “I was proud to do that because I think it was good for the Navy.”
Another was her service in Iraq. Brown was deployed to Iraq, becoming the first Multi-National Force-Iraq combined staff command, control and communications systems officer headquartered in Baghdad.
“I volunteered to go to Iraq and served eight months from August 2004 to May 2005,” Brown said. “I was the first admiral on the ground in Iraq. I was too naive to be scared.”
Brown never had a problem as one of the first women to reach the rank of vice admiral.
“I ran into folks who weren’t certain they wanted to work for a woman, but we worked it out. I never had anyone who felt I was not up to the challenge of being in charge,” Brown said. “Some men took a little bit longer, but we always worked it out.”
Brown does feel like there is a disconnect between the general population and members of the military, adding that civilians do not always understand the sacrifice.
Those who serve sacrifice their families, homes and friends go to god-forsaken places. She added that members of the military today are well-educated, bright and considerate.
“For the most part, people in uniform have a very high level of respect. They are the first to try to make sure we don’t have to fight. We are not warmongers. We are not the ones who want to grab a weapon and go shoot,” Brown said. “We want to find peaceful solutions, but we want them to know we will fight if we have to.”
Brown currently serves as vice chairman of Veterans Honor Flight of Southern Illinois.
“It gives me an opportunity to give back to my community. I feel fortunate to have had the opportunities I have had. I wanted to find something to give back to community, and I found honor flight,” Brown said.
Honor Flight gives Brown the opportunity to really thank folks who sacrificed so much.
“Being able to give them a homecoming and honor their service is just an unbelievable experience, and one I am so grateful to have been a part of.”
She added that there would be no honor flights without the backing of the entire community through donations of time and money.
“I always have to thank my Marine Corps husband. If it hadn’t been for him I wouldn’t have been so successful,” Brown said.
She added that her husband, retired Marine Lt. Col. Pete Hesser, has been a big part of any success she ever had.
Brown said the military is a great life and provides a lot of opportunities, including educational and career opportunities.
“I wouldn’t trade a day in uniform for anything. I feel so fortunate that my dad encouraged me and I stuck with it,” Brown said.
WASHINGTON — The House and Senate tax overhaul plans are broadly similar, but crucial differences are creating headaches for Republican leaders determined to keep myriad interest groups and factions of the GOP satisfied. And then there's the ambitious timetable they've set of finishing in time to get legislation to President Donald Trump by Christmas.
The most politically challenging decisions involve dealing with popular and widely used tax deductions, structuring tax cuts for business and balancing personal income tax rates between middle-class families and the rich.
All of these decisions come against a generous — but firm — 10-year, $1.5 trillion cap on the measure's cost to the federal deficit. Both House and Senate have adopted accounting gimmicks to squeeze tax cuts that appear larger down to fit that restraint.
Trump's enormously expensive demand for a cut in the corporate tax rate to 20 percent — from the current 35 percent — is a big complication, as is unrest among House Republicans hailing from affluent suburban districts who are upset over the proposed loss of the deduction for state income taxes.
Here's a rundown on the major differences between the House and Senate bills:
Individual tax rates
The Senate measure keeps the current number of personal income tax brackets, seven, though it changes the rates to 10, 12, 22.5, 25, 32.5, 35 and 38.5 percent. That last top bracket for the wealthiest earners carries a higher rate of 39.6 percent under current law.
The House bill goes further toward simplifying the tax system. It shrinks the number of brackets from seven to four, with rates of 12, 25, 35 and 39.6 percent.
Lots of numbers here for congressional negotiators to play with, to move up or down.
The inheritance tax on multimillion dollar estates, called the estate tax, is an especially hot-button issue. Democrats point to the proposed GOP changes as proof that the Republicans are out to help wealthy people like Trump and his family.
Currently, when someone dies, the person inheriting the estate must pay taxes on its value above $5.5 million for individuals, $11 million for couples. The House bill initially doubles those limits and then repeals the whole tax after 2023. The Senate version doubles those exemption amounts — but doesn't repeal the tax.
To repeal or not to repeal? That may be the class-warfare question.
The Senate bill would eliminate a taxpayer's ability to deduct state income taxes and local property taxes. But the final bill may have to closely track a House compromise that provides a property tax deduction of up to $10,000 or else risk a revolt from GOP lawmakers from New York, New Jersey, and California.
The Senate bill preserves popular individual tax breaks for large medical expenses, mortgage interest, electric vehicles and college costs that were targeted by the House. The House limits deductibility of mortgage interest to the first $500,000 of a loan, riling the real estate and housing industries, and eliminates a deduction for medical expenses that's often taken by families facing crippling nursing home costs.
Both the House and Senate versions slash the tax rate for corporations to 20 percent from the current 35 percent. But there's a big twist: The Senate bill delays the rate cut for a year.
The delay was put in to reduce the bill's cost by $100 billion or so — but it's opposed by the White House and House Republicans. Wall Street hates it too. U.S. stock markets sold off Thursday in response to news of the proposed deferral, with industrial and technology stocks leading the decline, before recouping some of the losses by the close of trading.
Might the implementation delay be traded for a smaller corporate tax cut, something above 20 percent?
Trump actually had been demanding 15 percent and reportedly was initially furious at the 20 percent figure. The issue is setting the corporate rate at a level that experts and tax writers believe would bring the U.S. closer to its overseas competitors.
The electric car industry — notably makers Tesla and Chevrolet — and producers of wind power for generating electricity are losers under the House bill. The tax credit of up to $7,500 for plug-in electric vehicles would be repealed, and the credit for wind energy would be reduced. But the Senate version retains the incentives.
The loss of tax credits for renewable energy would free billions to help pay for the corporate tax cuts in the legislation. But in addition to environmentalists' objections, the prospect also angers some Republican senators, including powerful Chuck Grassley of Iowa, who has vowed to defend the credit.
There's a special rate for businesses whose profits are counted in the owners' personal tax returns. Millions of U.S. businesses use this "pass-through" format. The House bill taxes many of them at a maximum 25 percent, down from 39.6 percent currently, and adds a lower minimum rate. The Senate version would set a new 17.4 percent deduction for "pass-through" income, aimed to help smaller businesses.
JONESBORO — Curtis Carr, the Mulkeytown man on trial in Franklin County on charges including possession of child pornography, is also being charged in Union County for child sex crimes.
Carr was arrested Aug. 16, 2013, and indicted in Union County on Sept. 10, 2013, on two counts of predatory sexual assault of a child and one count of aggravated kidnapping.
According to the bill of indictment, Carr allegedly penetrated an unidentified female who was younger than the age of 13 at the time of the incident in July of 2013.
In a December 2013 jury trial, Carr was found not guilty of the kidnapping charge, but the jury was deadlocked on the last two charges. Another jury trial is scheduled to resolve the remaining two charges in the case. Carr was in custody during the 2013 trial.
Carr was then bonded out after bond was reduced to $50,000, over the state’s objection, on Dec. 24, 2013.
He was arrested again in 2016 after details provided by the Franklin County Sheriff’s Office indicated he was in bond violation.
During a hearing to increase bond, a motion for which was filed Aug. 16, 2016, the state presented evidence on the bond violations and the conduct reported in Franklin County. Bond was increased to $200,000 and Carr was then taken back into custody at the hearing. While remaining in Union County custody — he is housed in Jackson County — Franklin County prosecutors brought charges against Carr in 2017.
In Franklin County, Carr is charged with three counts of child pornography. It is alleged that in 2016 Carr was in possession of an illicit image of two girls, over 13 years old but not more than 17 years old. Counts 2 and 3 were similar, with the images depicting prepubescent girls. He is also accused of using a cellphone or computer to solicit an underage person. Carr is also accused of sending photographs of his genitals to an underage person.
According to Judici, Carr was charged in 2003 with three counts of predatory criminal sexual assault in Williamson County. He was found not guilty on two charges, with the final one dismissed.
Carr is scheduled to appear in Union County Court at 9 a.m. Nov. 30 and again at 9 a.m Jan. 22, 2018. His next Franklin County court appearance is at 1:30 p.m. Feb. 1, 2018.