SPRINGFIELD — As the Democratic-controlled state Legislature mulls a constitutional amendment to change the state’s income tax structure, Republicans in the Illinois Senate are touting a plan to require a two-thirds vote to propose or raise any new taxes in the state.
Per state Sen. Dan McConchie’s plan, any proposal to raise taxes would require a greater supermajority — two-thirds of legislators — than the three-fifths needed to put a constitutional amendment question on the ballot. McConchie said the two-thirds threshold is the same to expel a member or convict on impeachment.
“We are tying it to the exact same standards that are in place in California and Wisconsin,” he said, adding that 14 states require some type of supermajority vote on taxes.
McConchie, a Hawthorn Woods Republican, introduced Senate Joint Resolution Constitutional Amendment 12 at a Capitol news conference with fellow Republicans, which lasted about six minutes, Tuesday. He called the effort one to “protect middle-class residents by giving them a voice in safeguarding their hard-earned money.”
McConchie said the amendment would apply to any tax proposal, income or otherwise.
To become law, McConchie’s SJRCA 12 would require approval from three-fifths of both the House and Senate, as well as approval from voters on a statewide ballot. Currently, Republicans control less than one-third of the seats in the state Senate and just more than one-third in the House.
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McConchie said Gov. J.B. Pritzker’s proposed graduated tax structure “got the attention” of Republicans in the Senate, helping to spur the proposal. The Senate Republican caucus released a statement earlier this month that said they would oppose Pritzker’s tax structure “without guaranteed protections for middle-class families.”
While the Pritzker-backed graduated tax amendment would require the same three-fifths majorities in each chamber and from voters to become law, McConchie said unless his SJRCA 12 passes, simple majorities in the Legislature could set the tax rates and brackets under the authority granted by the Pritzker-backed amendment.
Illinois’ Constitution mandates a flat income tax structure, and the Legislature needs only a simple majority vote to raise the rate, which is currently 4.95 percent.
“What I am simply saying is that taxpayers deserve a seat at the table when it comes to negotiating tax increases,” McConchie said.
While McConchie’s bill was just filed Tuesday and he said some moderate Democrats had shown interest, it appears unlikely to muster the 36 votes needed for passage in the Senate, which has 40 Democrats and 19 Republicans.
The uphill battle led Think Big Illinois, a dark money group partially funded by Pritzker, to label the McConchie amendment as a “desperate stunt.”
“Republicans in Springfield are so desperate to keep our current unfair tax system that they are resorting to political stunts in an attempt to ensure a system that disproportionately places the burden on middle- and lower-class families stays in place,” Think Big Executive Director Quentin Fulks, a former Pritzker campaign staffer, said in a statement.